In 1940, her thesis attracted the attention of all Moscow-based experts in Neolithic and Mesolithic archaeology.
"The Neolithic finds and early man sites discovered near the lakes of Kenozero, Lacha and Vozhe enable a conclusion that there existed a culture we can call Kargopol," the short, dark-haired woman behind the low lectern said confidently. That defense ended in triumph.
... And then there was the war. Maria's academic title was revoked in 1943 because of her German descent and the fact that her father had been executed by shooting in 1938. Threat loomed over the future exploration of the archaeological culture of Kargopol.
But, Foss didn't give up. Here she stands again behind the lectern defending her hypothesis that northern riverine territories including Kenozero were full of life in Mesolithic and Neolithic eras.
Maria Foss published her lifelong research in 1952 in "The Early History of the Northern Areas of the European Part of the USSR." The review to this monograph was written by renowned archaeologist Marija Gimbutas of Harvard. In the subsequent year, Maria Foss earned the title of full professor. She passed away in 1955.
If God has a department in heaven for great scientists, then the sensational news would have reached it, too, no doubt: the 2019 archeological expedition to Kenozero National Park, that lasted for one month and was led by Alexander Martynov, has discovered nearly 8,000 artefacts near the village of Kositsyna, one being the flint figure of a man. Archaeologists have thus confirmed that man inhabited the Kenozero area as early as the 9th millennium BC! Here lies Arkhangelsk Province's most ancient cultural stratum.